Orchid Growing & Care Tips
The Paphiopedilum or Lady's Slipper is by far one of the most unique
and intriguing of all orchids. Its exotic, wax-like, richly colored
blooms last for weeks and sometimes months. Lady's Slippers have
no pseudobulbs but feature attractive, glossy leaves. After leaves
are fully formed, the flower stem rises from the center of the new
growth to form one of the most unusual flowers in the world. Best
of all, they are ideal for home growing.
Paphiopedilum are divided into two temperature groups: warm and
cool growers. The attractive mottled-leaf types come from the temperate
zones and do best with a night temperature not below 60 degrees
F. (preferably 65 degrees F.), and a day temperature of 75-85 degrees
F. The solid green-leafed types come from the higher, cooler altitudes.
They require a night temperature of 50-60 degrees F. and a day temperature
of 70-80 degrees F.
Paphiopedilum must be kept constantly moist or damp, but not soggy.
Check frequently below the surface to determine the need for water.
Normal watering intervals are between seven and ten days.
Place in any bright window but protect from mid-day sun. Leaves
should be a medium-green color. If they are too pale or yellowish,
the plant could be getting too much light. (Approximately the same
light intensity as African Violets is preferred.)
Good results may be obtained by using a high nitrogen fertilizer
(25-9-9) all year round. Feed once a month at one-third of a teaspoon
or less to a gallon of water. Paphiopedilum are sensitive to fertilizer
Paphiopedilum should be repotted every two to three years with a
fresh, well draining potting medium, such as fine-grade orchid bark
or Orchid Mix. It is important that the base of the growth be potted
no deeper than 1/2" in the medium.